Following global financial crises in 2008, the number of evictions and foreclosures across Spain soared. A group known as La PAH (La Plataforma de Afectados por la Hipoteca/Platform for People Affected by Mortgages) formed in response to the resultant epidemic of broken homes and suicides. They generated a nationwide housing movement, which continues to defend the homes of precarious families, take over banks to stop impending evictions, and reclaim empty buildings as social centers.
Many PAH members were early participants in the Indignados ("Outraged") movement, which began with the occupation of public squares in Spain on May 15th, 2011. Also known as 15M, the movement was inspired by the preceding uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, and resulted from continued frustration with massive unemployment and economic distress. Members of this movement have continued to resist disparity and unjust laws, such as "La Ley Mordaza" (The Gag Law), an informal name for new laws passed by the conservative government forbidding certain forms of protest and the visual documentation of police. The work of 15M also led to recent waves of electoral insurgency throughout Spain, and on May 24, 2015, new municipal leaders swept to victory throughout the country – including Ada Colau, the first female mayor of Barcelona and a co-founder of La PAH.